Dentist

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Not everyone knows that there is a fundamental difference between a dentist and a tooth doctor. Today we will talk about the nuances of the professions.

A dentist is a doctor with a higher medical education, who not only graduated from the university, but also completed the traineeship along with the internship. The dentist is an expert in the treatment of diseases and injuries of the teeth and other organs of the maxillofacial area. The profession includes several directions. Dentists are:

  • Therapists;
  • Surgeons;
  • Orthopedics;
  • periodontists;
  • Orthodontists

Current specialists often go beyond their specialization and receive additional training. For example, a physician-therapist will be able to treat gums if they have appropriate education and extensive knowledge

As for the tooth doctor, this is a specialist with a secondary medical education. He has the right to practice medical activity at the level of certain indicators. The doctor can treat the teeth without any serious complications, for example, the initial stages of caries.

There is also a profession of dental technician. Many people draw an analogy between him and the tooth doctor, but this is fundamentally wrong.

A dental technician –is a highly qualified specialist who is an employee of a dental laboratory. He helps in the development of dental implants, models of teeth, prostheses, orthodontic structures, etc. The doctor selects the most suitable materials, as well as the necessary fixtures

History of the dentist profession development  

The profession of a dentist has ancient roots and a rich history. Even the Maya tribes tried to fight tooth decay and “drilled” their teeth with metal tubes, and instead of filling they inserted a small precious stone into the hole. However, in those days, dentistry was not as demanded as it is now. People used only natural products for food, and suffered much less from dental pathologies.

The concept of dental hygiene first appeared in ancient Egypt 5 thousand years ago. Even then, the Egyptians used toothpaste made from chopped pumice, eggshells, ashes burned guts of bull and myrrh. They also made prostheses and fastened them in their mouths with gold wire. Implants were made from hard materials or used animal teeth..

With the first start of the medicine development, dentists did not only in improve the condition of the oral cavity, but also acted as healers and physicians. Soreness was eliminated with the help of mixtures of various herbs, trying to save the tooth. However, if this did not help, the tooth was removed without anesthesia, because at that time the dentists did not have modern capabilities.

In the XVII century, these rather cruel conservative methods were replaced by innovations introduced by a talented doctor-inventor from France – Pierre Fochard. It was him who invented the first gold crowns, seals and even a dental chair. Pierre Fochard wrote a book on dentistry, in which he told about the peculiarities of therapeutic measures

In the XVIII century anesthesia developed and was first tried  on a man. As an anesthetic a laughing gas (nitrous oxide) was used, which provoked a faint.

A century later, dentistry has become even more developed. In the XIX century, they learned how to kill the nerve with arsenic. It was this period that marked the peak of the development of this medical section. There were all new innovations, making the procedure of dental treatment more and more comfortable and effective. Even then a good dentist was believed to be able to provide first aid and alleviate the suffering of the patient. However, of course, the methods of the past centuries can not be compared with real scientific breakthroughs of the present.

In modern dentistry, more attention is paid to the prevention of dental diseases and the identification of diseases at an early stage. After all, curing a tooth at the beginning of a disease is much easier, and a timely program of prevention will exclude the occurrence of dental diseases.

There are technologies that allow you to grow new teeth, in case you can not save natural teeth. The newest equipment and materials, modern medical knowledge allow to render assistance to patients at the highest level.

The development of dentistry took place not only in terms of technology. The change in attitude towards dental treatment, the allocation of dentistry to an independent medical direction led to the development of a new attitude towards the teeth and among the population. There appeared  a demand for dental services not only for emergency treatment, but also for routine prevention, restoration and maintenance of teeth and dentures. New specializations of dentists appeared:

  • On-call doctor – provides emergency care, as a rule, the doctor’s office is open 24 hours a day
  • Therapist
  • Hygienist
  • Prosthetics
  • Implantologist
  • Surgeon
  • Orthodontist
  • Children’s dentist

Complication of treatment technologies, the amount of necessary knowledge, increased requirements for the qualification of a dentist also contributes to the division of the general concept of a dentist into specialization. One person is physically unable to fully master all types of dental care. Therefore, modern clinics must have doctors of different specializations in their structure and when the patient applies to the treatment plan, all specialists participate, unless, of course, this is not a simple caries.

Children’s dentist

Children’s dentistry, as an independent direction, appeared relatively recently. For a long time nobody spoke  about the treatment of children’s teeth, it was believed that the milk teeth should not be treated. However, many children need treatment at a very early age, and sometimes it becomes necessary to remove the milk teeth when they do not fall out alone or are affected by various diseases. Particular attention should be paid to the children’s teeth during the period of changing dairy teeth to permanent teeth. Typically, this age ranges from 5 to 12 years, when there is a gradual change of teeth. Health and functional qualities of permanent teeth are largely determined during this period.

Any general dentist has the right to conduct treatment for children. Many specialists further study the basics of child psychology in order to find an approach to the child and to conduct procedures without causing psychological trauma. Especially it concerns such procedures as the removal of teeth. With young children, dentist games are helpful. The scenario to be played should remove the child’s possible fear.

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